adult screening programme

Thyroid disease

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Thyroid disease is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not function properly. There are 2 types of thyroid disease. These are:

  • hyperthyroidism, where the body produces too much thyroid hormone
  • hypothyroidism, where the body produces too little thyroid hormone

Thyroid dysfunction is associated with other health problems. These include increased risk of heart disease, decreased bone density, and stroke.

Read more about overactive thyroid and underactive thyroid on the NHS website.

UK NSC screening recommendation Based on the last UK NSC review of this condition that occurred in April 2018.

Screening is not currently recommended for this condition.

Screening for thyroid disease in adults is not recommended. This is because:

  • there is no agreement on what a 'normal' level of thyroid hormone is
  • there is no cut off point where health professionals agree that treatment is needed
  • in some people thyroid hormone levels will return to normal without treatment
  • it is unclear whether an earlier treatment would be beneficial

Supporting documents from the 2018 review

Evidence summary thyroid disease (2017)
This document provides the evidence on which the current UK NSC recommendation is based.

UK NSC coversheet & consultation responses thyroid disease (2018)
This document summarises the review process including the public consultation comments.

Review cycle

Date previous review completed: 2018

Next review estimated to be completed: 2021 to 2022.

To see previous evidence reviews, visit the UK NSC archive.

Organisations interested in Thyroid disease

These organisations have expressed interest in this recommendation and may submit responses to evidence reviews.

List of organisations

If you think your organisation should be added, please contact us. More information for organisation can be found in appendix C of the UK NSC evidence review process.